In the Washington Post today, a good op-ed on the benefits of the Electoral College to the United States. No, the Electoral College was not created to benefit pro-slavery states as liberal media and liberal professors have claimed.
— David Little (@dl724705) November 28, 2016
If you look at the image above, about 1/2 the population of the USA lives in the blue shaded areas. The Electoral College was created to ensure the less populated states had equal representation in the vote for president which is why the number of electors is based upon the number of elected officials in Congress.
Click this link to read the piece. Well worth a couple of minutes to get a better understanding.